巧克力
如何理解圣经:7个关键

 

全球有许多教会,很多教会似乎对神的理解也不尽相同。有些不同点是微小的 —— 但有些却涉及原则性。这篇文章提供了一些关键点以帮助你来理解圣经以忠于原意。

关键1. 我们相信圣经因为它是神的话语

  • 提摩太后书3:16,17  教导说圣经里所有的话语都是来自于神,以装备我们做各样的好的事情:“既然《经》的每一条都是上帝所赐,因此它对教授真理、说服罪人和纠正错误以及指导人过道义的生活都是有益的。它使为上帝服务的人得到充分的准备,具备了行善所需的一切。”
  • 彼得后书1:20,21 教导说圣灵通过人来作工写了圣经:“最重要的,你们必须理解这点∶《经》里的预言不是出自先知自己的解先知:因为从来就没有预言诞生于人的意愿 ,而是人受到了圣灵的引导才讲出上帝的信息 。”
  • 有更多的章节可以作为我们相信圣经的证据。

关键2:神希望我们学习圣经。我们要:

  • 学习以至于能够正确明白它:“要竭尽全力作一个蒙上帝称赞问心无愧的工作者,直截了当地使用上帝真理的信息。“(提摩太后书2:15)
  • “但要凡事察验,善美的要持守” (帖撒罗尼迦前书5:21) 我们被期望用精细的眼光看问题。

通过这种理解方式,让我们继续下去。

关键3:并不是每一条圣经里的诫命都要求我们遵守

  • 这句话听上去很奇怪,但有个简单的例子,神在创世纪6:14中有一条诫命:“方舟要有窗户,窗户位于顶篷下方约半米。方舟的侧面要有门。方舟内要有上、中、下三层甲板。” 这是个直接的命令,但是是指对诺亚,而不是我们的。
  • 要明白神的命令,我们需要联系上下文。
  • 另外一个例子是利未记 11. 神给出了关于食物的诫规。第7节说到不能吃猪肉:“猪也不可吃,因为它是不洁净的动物;尽管它脚蹄分瓣,但却不反刍;”
  • 你吃猪肉吗?如果你吃,那你也违反了诫命。
  • 但是,我们可以看到马可福音7:19,耶稣说所有食物都是洁净的。(参考马可福音7章全部)
  • 此外,哥林多前书8:8说到:“食物不能使我们更接近上帝。不吃,我们不会更坏,吃了,也不会使我们更好。”
  • 圣经里相互矛盾吗?不。谈到不洁净食物的诫命是在旧约里的。
  • 随着耶稣的来临,带来了新的律法。基督徒遵守的是新约的律法。(参考希伯来后书9:9-15,哥林多后书3:7-18)
  • 使徒行传2:38,39是一个例子,一条给所有人没有时间限制的律法:“彼得对他们说:“改变你们的内心与生活吧,你们中间的每一个人都应该奉耶稣基督的名义接受洗礼 *,使你们的罪得到宽恕。那么你们就会领受到圣灵的馈赠,因为他的诺言是为了你们、你们的后代以及所有远方的人们-即所有那些受到主我们的上帝的召唤,来到他身边的人们。”
  • 我们明白这是条没有时间限制的诫命因为它很明确地表达出来了。

关键4:真理的描述

  • 我们通过对真理的描述来明白正确的事物和神的意愿。
  • 约翰福音1:1,14说到:“太初有道,道与上帝同在,道即是上帝。”通过这个描述和第14节,我们明白耶稣就是上帝。
  • 再次强调,我们需要结合上下文来理解真理性描述。有个很好的例子,是路加福音11:15,耶稣的敌对者们称耶稣用魔鬼的力量驱鬼。“但是,人群中的一些人说:“他是依仗鬼王别西卜来驱鬼的!”
  • 此处并非真理性描述。耶稣的敌对者们的确声称了这点,但这并非事实。

关键5:重要的信息会被多次重复

  • 记住神想让我们理解圣经。他并不企图用含糊浮浅的命令绊住我们。
  • 当你读圣经时,你会留意到某些命令和陈述被不停重复。
  • 这些是神要我们知道的信息。

关键6:可以遵从耶稣的具体事例吗?

  • 以上观点都符合逻辑性也很容易让人接受。然后我们现在讲到具体事例——这是一个容易让人由于误解而产生分歧的领域,即便是最热忱的信徒。
  • 每个爱主的人都会说要遵从耶稣的榜样,这是正确的,但限度在哪里呢?
  • 事实上,耶稣要我们完全仿照他的做法这个观点不得不让人怀疑。
  • 要完全仿照耶稣的榜样我们就不能坐公交车,出租车,不能搭乘火车或飞机,不能用电话,电脑,或任何电器——因为耶稣从未用过。
  • 更甚者,耶稣从未吃过冰激淋,他的交通工具是驴子或步行。他也从未用塑料杯喝过水。
  • 有人会觉得以上的说法很可笑,但让我们举个稍微现实点的例子,比如,圣餐?
  • 当耶稣做了这些:那是个晚上,餐桌前只有男人,他们在阁楼上,卧坐在桌前,而且只有一个杯子。(参读马可福音14:12-26)
  • 我们仿照耶稣的限度到哪里?我们只能在晚上领圣餐吗?我们不让女人领吗?还是我们要在阁楼上领?
  • 事实是我们无法完全仿照耶稣所有的事例,否则我们所有人都必须要上十字架才行。
  • 耶稣从未告诉我们去仿照他的事例。
  • 耶稣只让我们去遵循他的诫命:“如果你们爱我,你们就会遵守我的命令。”(约翰福音14:15)
  • 如果耶稣没有命令这么做,我们就没有必要这么行

关键7:即便天使也不能改写福音

  • 在加拉太书1:6-9,我们学到只有一个福音,且连天堂的天使也没有权利改写它。
  • “我很吃惊,你们竟然这么快就背弃了通过基督的恩典呼唤你们的上帝,而去相信另外一个福音。其实,那不是真正的福音,而是有些人在迷惑你们,企图篡改基督的福音。但是,即使我们或天使现在对你们所传的福音与我们过去对你们所传的福音不同,他也该受到诅咒。我们以前就说过,现在再重申一遍:如果有人向你们传福音,与你们已接受的福音不同,他就该受到诅咒。”
  • 保罗写下这些话是因为有伪教师进入到教会中传讲耶稣没有讲过的律法。使徒行传15:1说:“一些人从犹大来到安提阿,他们教导兄弟们说:“除非你们按照摩西的规矩,接受割礼,否则你们就不能得到拯救。”
  • 加拉太书2:11-13,由于彼得赞同了一位伪教师,保罗公然反对了他(彼得曾是位传道者):“但是,当彼得来到安提阿时,由于他的错误行为,我当面反对了他。因为在雅各派的人到来之前,他与非犹太人一起吃饭,但是当这些人到来时,他就退缩了,不再与非犹太人来往了。因为他害怕那些主张非犹太人必须接受割礼的人。彼得是个伪君子,其他的犹太人也效仿他的虚 伪,连巴拿巴在某种程度上也受到了他们的影响。”
  • 在14节里保罗谈到彼得不在真理里面,换句话来说,彼得擅改了福音:“当我看到他们没有遵循福音的真理时,就当众对彼得说: “如果你,一个犹太人,都象非犹太人一样而不象犹太人那样生活,你怎么能强迫非犹太人去遵守犹太人的习俗呢?”
  • 由于彼得擅改了福音,他在被定罪的危险中。(参考加拉太1:6-9)
  • 彼得后来悔改了,但要点很清楚,那就是没有人有权利改动福音。

应用

  • 我们不能将旧约的律法强加在基督徒身上。至今有很多教会有饮食的律法。有些要求教会成员奉献10%的薪水。这两个例子就是将旧约律法强加于基督徒。这是错误的,因为它擅改了福音。
  • 有些教会使其成员如果不确切行耶稣所行的就会产生强烈的负罪感,例如,他们要求其成员通宵祷告——就像耶稣当初做的那样。
  • 但请不要误解,通宵祷告或奉献10%薪水并不是一件坏事,但我们不能把它们定义为律法。我们不能强迫别人去这么做,否则就是擅改福音。

总结

  • 明白神要我们做什么,因此我们要结合正确的上下文来理解和遵从神的命令和真理。

希望这篇文章能对你有帮助。如要获取更多免费信息请访问 www.zhenaishenghuo.org

by 德明,翻译 Una

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7 Keys to Understanding the Bible

There are many churches in the world, and many seem to believe different things concerning God. Sometimes these differences are minor – but some can be quite serious. This article is written to provide some keys to honest Bible interpretation.

Key 1: We Can Trust the Bible because it is God’s Word.

  • 2 Timothy 3:16,17 teaches that all the Bible is from God and is able to equip for every good work: “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.”
  • 2 Peter 1:20,21 teaches that although men wrote the Bible, God the Holy Spirit told them what to write: “Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation. For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.”
  • Here is a more detailed article with evidence as to why we can trust the Bible.

Key 2: God expects us to study the Bible.

  • We are to study and so correctly handle the Bible: “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a workman who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth” (2 Timothy 2:15.)
  • We should “test everything. Hold on to the good” (2 Thessalonians 5:21.) God wants us to think critically.

With that in mind, let’s continue.

Key 3: NOT every command in the Bible is for us to obey.

  • That may sound strange, but a simple example is the command spoken by God in Genesis 6:14: “So make yourself an ark of cypress wood; make rooms in it and coat it with pitch inside and out.” This is a direct command, but not to us. It is a command to Noah.
  • To understand God’s commands therefore, we need to look at the contexts.
  • Another example is Leviticus 11. Here God gives commands concerning food laws. Verse 7 says that one cannot eat pork: “And the pig, though it has a split hoof completely divided, does not chew the cud; it is unclean for you.”
  • Do you eat pork? If you do, you have disobeyed this command.
  • But, when we look in Mark 7:19 we see that Jesus said that all food is clean. (Read all of Mark 7.)
  • Furthermore, 1 Corinthians 8:8 says, “But food does not bring us near to God; we are no worse if we do not eat, and no better if we do.”
  • Is there a contradiction in the Bible? No. The laws that say certain foods are unclean are Old Testament laws.
  • With Jesus there came a new law. Christians therefore follow the laws in the New Testament. (Read 2 Hebrews 9:9-15; 2 Corinthians 3:7-18)
  • Acts 2:38,39 is an example of a law for all people for all time: “Peter replied, ‘Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off—for all whom the Lord our God will call.’ ”
  • We know this is a command for all time because it clearly says so.

Key 4: Statements of Truth.

  • Another way we can know what is true and what God expects is through statements of truth.
  • John 1:1 says: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” From this statement and verse 14, we see that Jesus is God.
  • Again, we need to bear in mind the context when reading statements of truth. A good example is in Luke 11:15 where the opponents of Jesus say that He cast out demons using the devil’s power: "By Beelzebub, the prince of demons, he is driving out demons."
  • This is not a statement of truth. It is true that Jesus’ opponents said this, but what they said was not true.

Key 5: The Important Things are Repeated Many Times.

  • Remember that God wants us to understand the Bible. He is not trying to trick us with silly obscure commands. He is a loving Father.
  • As you read the Bible, you will see certain commands and statements repeated many times.
  • These are what God wants us to know.

Key 6: What about following Jesus’ Examples?

  • The above steps are quite logical and most people would agree on them. However we now enter the area of examples – an area that if misunderstood can cause great division among even the best-intentioned believers.
  • Every person who loves Jesus would quickly say that we should follow Jesus’ example. This is right, but how far do we go?
  • The fact is that it is doubtful Jesus would want us to totally follow His example.
  • To totally follow Jesus we need to never take a bus, taxi, train or plane; never use a phone, computer, or anything electrical. Jesus never did these things.
  • Furthermore, Jesus never ate ice cream; everywhere He went He walked or rode a donkey; He never drank out of a plastic bottle.
  • Some may consider the above silly, but let’s be a bit more realistic. What about something like the Lord’s Supper?
  • When Jesus did this: it was night; there were only men at the table; they were in an upper room; they reclined at the table; there was only one cup. (Read Mark 14:12-26.)
  • How far are we to follow Jesus’ instructions? Should we only have the Lord’s Supper at night? Should we ask all the ladies to not eat? Should we only eat in an upper room?
  • The fact is that we simply cannot follow all of Jesus’ examples. If we did, then we would all have to die on the cross.
  • Jesus never told us to follow His examples.
  • Jesus only told us to follow His commands: “If you love me, you will obey what I command” (John 14:15.)
  • If  Jesus did not command it, we do not have to obey it.

Key 7: Not Even an Angel can Change the Gospel

  • In Galatians 1:6-9, we learn that there is only one Gospel and not even a angel from heaven can change it: "I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting the one who called you by the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel— which is really no gospel at all. Evidently some people are throwing you into confusion and are trying to pervert the gospel of Christ. But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel other than the one we preached to you, let him be eternally condemned! As we have already said, so now I say again: If anybody is preaching to you a gospel other than what you accepted, let him be eternally condemned!"
  • The reason Paul wrote this was because false teachers had infiltrated the church and were teaching laws Jesus had not. Acts 15:1 says: “Some men came down from Judea to Antioch and were teaching the brothers: ‘Unless you are circumcised, according to the custom taught by Moses, you cannot be saved.’”
  • In Galatians 2:11-13, Paul had to publically oppose Peter (Peter was an apostle) because he was agreeing with the false teachers: “When Peter came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he was clearly in the wrong. Before certain men came from James, he used to eat with the Gentiles. But when they arrived, he began to draw back and separate himself from the Gentiles because he was afraid of those who belonged to the circumcision group. The other Jews joined him in his hypocrisy, so that by their hypocrisy even Barnabas was led astray.
  • In verse 14 Paul says that Peter was not in line with the “truth of the gospel. In other words, Peter had changed the gospel: “When I saw that they were not acting in line with the truth of the gospel, I said to Peter in front of them all, “You are a Jew, yet you live like a Gentile and not like a Jew. How is it, then, that you force Gentiles to follow Jewish customs?”
  • Peter was in danger of being condemned because he had changed the gospel. (See Galatians 1:6-9 above.)
  • Peter did repent, but the point is clear: no one may change the gospel message.

Application

  • We cannot apply Old Testament laws to Christians. Today many churches have food laws. Some tell their members to give 10% of their income. These are just 2 examples of people taking Old Testament laws and applying them to Christians. This is wrong because it is changing the gospel.
  • Some churches make their followers feel guilty for not doing exactly as Jesus did; for example, they expect their people to pray all night – like Jesus did.
  • Please do not misunderstand, it is not a bad thing to pray all night or give 10%, but we cannot make it a law. We cannot force others to do it. This is changing the Gospel.

Summary:

  • To understand what God would have us do, we need therefore to follow commands and statements of truth within their correct contexts.

I hope this article has helped you. Please visit www.zhenaishenghuo.org for more free resources.

by 德明

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